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Flora of Merrimac Farm (Preliminary)
WOODY PLANTS: TREES & SHRUBS
 
Bedstraw Family - Rubiaceae
Buttonbush Cephalanthus occidentalis
 
Birch Family - Betulaceae
River Birch, Betula nigra
Ironwood, Musclewood, Carpinus caroliniana
Smooth alder, Alnus sp.
 
Bittersweet Family - Celastraceae
Strawberry bush, Euonymus americanus
 
Cypress Family - Cupressaceae
Red Cedar, Juniperus virginiana
 
Beech Family - Fagaceae
American Beech, Fagus grandifolia
White Oak, Quercus alba
Red Oak, Quercus sp.
Southern red oak, Quercus falcata
Chestnut oak, Quercus prinus
Swamp chestnut oak, Quercus michauxii
Pin oak, Quercus palustris
Willow oak, Quercus phellos
Black oak, Quercus velutina
 
Ebony Family - Ebenaceae
Persimmon, Diospyros virginiana
 
Elm Family - Ulmaceae
Hackberry, Celtis occidentalis
Elm, Ulmus sp.
 
Dogwood Family - Cornaceae
Flowering Dogwood, Cornus florida
Silky dogwood, Cornus amomum
Black gum, Nyssa sylvatica
 
Figwort Family - Scrophulariaceae
Princess tree, Paulownia
 
Heath Family - Ericaceae
Wild pink azalea, Rhododendron periclymenoides
Highbush Blueberry, Vaccinium corymbosum
Low Bush Blueberry, Vaccinium pallidums
 
Holly Family - AQuifoliaceae
American Holly, Ilex opaca
Winterberry, Ilex verticillata
 
Honeysuckle Farmily - Carprifoliaceae
Common Elderberry, Sambucus canadensis
Maple-leaf viburnum, Viburnum acerifolium
Arrowwood viburnum, Viburnum dentatum
Blackhaw viburnum, Viburnum prunifolium
Coralberry, Symphoricarpos orbiculatus
 
Laurel Family - Lauraceae
Spicebush, Lindera benzoin
Sassafras Tree, Sassafras albidum
 
Magnolia Family - Magnoliaceae
Tulip Poplar, Liriodendron tulipifera
 
Maple Family - Acreaceae
Red Maple, Acer rubrum
Box elder, Acer negundo
 
Olive Family - Oleasteraceae
Autumn Olive, Elaeagnus umbellata*
Fringetree, Chionanthus virginicus
 
Pea Family - Fabaceae
Redbud, Cercis canadensis
Black locust, Robinia pseudoacacia
 
Olive Family - Oleaceae
Green ash, Fraxinus pennsylvanica
White Ash, Fraxinus americana
Chinese privet, Ligustrum sinense
Autumn Olive, Elaeagnus umbellata*
Fringetree, Chionanthus virginicus
 
Pea Family -
Black locust,Robinia pseudoacacia
Redbud, Cercis canadensis
 
Plane-Tree Family - Platanaceae
Sycamore, Platanus occidentalis
 
Rose Family - Rosaceae
Chokecherry, Prunus virginiana
Shadbush Serviceberry, Amelanchier canadensis
Swamp rose, Rosa palustris
Multiflora rose, Rosa multiflora
Black cherry, Prunus serotina
Crabapple, Malus angustifolia
 
Pawpaw Family - Annonaceae
Paw Paw, Asimina triloba
 
Pine Family - Pinaceae
Virginia Pine, Pinus virginiana
White pine, Pinus strobus
 
Sumac Family -
Winged Sumac, Rhus copallina
 
Tree of Heaven Family - Simaroubaceae
Tree of Heaven, Ailanthus altissima*
 
Walnut Family - Juglandaceae
Pignut Hickory, Carya glabra
American Walnut, Juglans nigra
Mockernut hickory, Carya alba
Shagbark hickory, Carya ovata
Black walnut, Juglans nigra
 
Willow Family - Salicaceae
Black Willow, Salix nigra
 
Witchhazel Family - Hamamelidaceae
Sweet gum, Liquidambar styraciflua
 
HERBACEOUS PLANTS
Acanthus - Acanthaceae
Carolina Wild Petunia, Ruellia caroliniensis
 
Adder's Tongue - Ophioglossaceae 
Cut-leaf Grape Fern, Botrychium dissectum
 
Arum - Araceae
Jack in the Pulpit, Arisaema triphyllum
Arrow Aurm, Peltandra virginica
 
Aster - Asteraceae
Black Eyed Susan, Rudbeckia hirta
Bull Thistle, Cirsium vulgare 
Carolina Elephantsfoot, Elephantopus carolinianus 
Common Chicory, Cichorium intybus
Common Hawkweed, Hieracium lachenalii
Common Ragweed, Ambrosia artemisiifolia
Daisy Fleabane, Erigeron annuus 
Dwaft Dandelion, Krigia virginica
Early Goldenrod, Solidago juncea
Field Hawkweed, Hieracium pratense*
Field Thistle, Cirsium Discolor
Goldenrod, Solidago sp. 
Hollow Joe Pye Weed, Eutrochium fistulosum
Hyssop-leaved Boneset, Eupatorium hussopifolium
Joe Pye Weed, Eupatoriadelphus purpureus 
Lateflowering Thoroughwort, Eupatorium serotinum 
Mistflower, Eupatorium coelestinum
New York Ironweed, Vernonia noveboracensis 
Oxeye Daisy, Leucanthemum vulgare*
Pilewort, Erechtites hieraciifolia
Purple-headed Sneezeweed, Helenium flexuosum
Pussytoes, Antennaria sp. 
Rattlesnakeweed, Hieracium venosum 
Rough Hawkweed, Hieracium scabrum 
Scaly Blazing Star, Liatris squarrosa
Small White Aster, Aster virmineus 
Sneezeweed, Helenium autumnale
Spiked Blazing Star, Liatris spicata
Spotted Joe-pye-weed, Eutrochium maculatum
Spotted Knapweed, Centaurea stoebe L. ssp. Micrantho**
Thinleaf Sunflower, Helianthus decapetalus 
Tickseed Sunflower, Bidens polylepis 
Wingstem, Verbesina alternifolia 
Yarrow, Achillea millefolium 
Yellow Crownbeard, Verbesina occidentalis
 
Bedstraw - Rubiaceae
Marsh Bedstraw, Galium tinctorium 
Cleavers, Galium aparine 
Partridge Berry, Mitchella repens 
 
Bellflower - Campanulaceae
Cardinal Flower, Lobelia cardinalis
Indian Tobacco, Lobelia inflata
 
Bignonia - Bignoniaceae
Trumpet Vine, Campsis radicans 
 
Borage - Boraginaceae 
Virginia Bluebell, Mertensia virginica 
 
Buckwheat - Polygonaceae
Virginia Jumpseed, Persicaria virginianum
Lady's Thumb, Polygonum persicaria
Mild Water Pepper, Polygonum hydropiperoides
 
Buttercup - Ranunculaceae
Buttonweed, Diodia virginiana 
Kidney-leaf buttercup, Ranunculus abortivus 
Rue Anenome, Thalictrum thalictroides
 
Carrot - Apiaceae
Canadian Honewort, Cryptotaenia canadensis
Queen Anne's Lace, Daucus carota*
Water Hemlock, Cicuta maculata
 
Cashew - Anacardiaceae
Poison Ivy, Toxicodendron radicans
 
Clubmoss - Lycopodiaceae
Ground Pine, Lycopodium obscurum 
Shining Clubmoss, Lycopodium lucidulum 
 
Dogbane - Apocynaceae
Butterfly Weed, Asclepias tuberose
Indian Hemp, Dogbane, Apocynum cannabinum 
 
Duckweed - Lemnaceae
Duckweed, Lemna minor** 
 
Evening Primrose - Onagraceae
Sundrop, Oenothera fruticosa
Scarlett Pimpernal, Anagallis arvensis*
Seedbox, Ludwigia spp. 
 
Fern - Polypodiaceae
Sensitive Fern, Onoclea sensibilis 
Christmas Fern, Polystichum acrostichoides
New York Fern, Thelypteris noveboracensis 
 
Figwort - Scrophulariaceae
Common Speedwell, Veronica officinalis 
Beardtongue, Penstemon schmidel 
White Beardtongue, Penstemon digitalis
Gerardia, Agalinis purpurea
False Pimpernel, Lindernia dubia 
Foxglove Beardtongue, Penstemon digitalis
 
Gentian - Gentianaceae
Closed Gentian, Gentiana clausa
Rose Pink, Sabatia angularis
 
Grass - Poaceae
Bamboo, Phyllostachys sp 
Beaked Panicgrass, Panicum anceps
Broomsedge bluestem, Andropogon virginicus 
Deertongue, Dichanthelium clandestinum
Fowl Mannagrass, Glyceria striata
Foxtail millet, Setaria italica
Indian grass, Sorghastrum nutans 
Japanese Stiltgrass, Microstegium vimineum
Orchard Grass, Dactylis glomerata
Poverty Oat Grass, Danthonia spicata
Purpletop tridens, Tridens flavus
Rice Cut Grass, Leersia oryzoides
Sweet Wood Reed, Cinna arundinacea
Tall fescue, Schedonorus phoenix 
Tall Flat Panic Grass, Coleataenia rigidula
Timothy grass, Phleum pretense
Virginia Wild Rye, Elymus virginianum
White Grass, Leersia virginica
 
Heath - Ericaceae
Teaberry, Gaultheria procumbens
 
Indian Pipe - Monotropaceae
Indianpipe, Monotropa uniflora
 
Iris - Iridaceae
Blue-eyed grass, Sisyrinchium montanum 
Blue flag, Iris virginica 
Yellow flag, Iris pseudacorus 
 
Lily - Liliaceae
Troutlily, Erythronium umbilicatum
Glaucous Leaf Greenbriar, Smilax glauca 
Catbriar, Common Greenbriar, Smilax rotundifolia 
Daffodil, Narcissus sp. 
 
Lizard's Tail - Saururaceae
Lizard's Tail, Saururus cernuus
 
Madder - Rubiaceae
Bluets, Houstonia caerulea 
 
Mallow - Malvaceae
Marsh mallow, Kosteletzkya virginica 
 
Mangosteen - Clusiaceae
Common St. Johnswort, Hypericum peforatum*
Shrubby St. Johnswort, Hypericum prolificum
St. Andrew's Cross, Hypericum hypericoides 
 
Milkweed - Aslepias
Common milkweed, Asclepias syriaca
Swamp Milkweed, Asclipias incarnata
 
Mint - Lamiaceae
Lyreleaf Sage, Salvia lyrata 
Beefsteakplant, Perilla frutescens 
Selfheal, Prunella vulgaris
Hyssop Skullcap, Scutellaria integrifolia
Narrow-leafed Mountain Mint, Pycnanthemum tenuifolium
Wild Basil, Clinopodium vulgaris
American Water Horehound, Lycopus americanus
Ground ivy, Glechoma hederacea
American Germander, Teucrium canadense 
 
Moonseed - Menispermaceae 
Common Moonseed, Menispermum canadense
 
Morning Glory - Convolvulaceae
Wild Potato Vine, Ipomoea pandurata
 
Mustard - Brassicaceae
Garlic Mustard, Alliaria petiolata* 
 
Nettle - Urticaceae
Stinging Nettle, Urtica dioica 
 
Orchid - Orchidaceae
Cranefly Orchid, Tipularia discolor 
 
 Pea - Fabaceae
Lespedeza, Lespedeza sp.*
Low Hop Clover, Trifolium campestre*
Least Hop Clover, Trifolium dubium*
White Clover, Trifolium repens
Naked-flowered Ticktrefoil, Desmodium nudiflorum 
Partridge Pea, Cassia fasciculata
Pink Wild Bean, Strophostyles umbellata
Hog Peanut, Amphicarpa bracteata
 
Pickerel Weed - Pontederiaceae
Pickerel Weed, Pontederia cordata
 
Pink - Caryophyllaceae
Chickweed, Stellaria media*
Deptford Pink, Dianthus armeria*
 
Plantain family – Plantaginaceae
English Plantain, Plantago lanceolata
 
Pokeweed - Phytolaccaceae
Pokeweed, Phytolacca americana 
 
Potato - Solanaceae
Horse Nettle, Solanum carolinense
 
Purslane - Portulacaceae
Spring Beauties, Claytonia virginica 
 
Rose - Rosaceae
Black Raspberry, Rubus occidentalis 
Common Cinquefoil, Potentilla simplex 
Rough Fruited Cinquefoil, Potentilla recta
Agrimony, Agrimonia gryposepala
Blackberry, Rubus sp. 
Wineberry, Rubus phoenicolasius 
Wild Strawberry, Fragaria sp. 
Swamp Rose, Rosa palustris
 
Sedge - Cyperaceae 
Sedge, Carex sp. 
Straw-colored nutsedge,  Vitis vulpina
 
Smartweed - Polygonaceae
Virginia Knotweed, Polygonum virginianum 
Pennslyvania Smartweed, Polygonaceae pensylvanicum** 
 
Spiderwort - Commelinaceae
Virginia Dayflower, Commelina virginica
Asiatic Dayflower, Commelina communis
Spiderwort, Tradescantia virginiana
 
Spleenwort - Aspleniaceae
Ebony Spleenwort, Asplenium platyneuron 
 
Spurge - Euphorbiaceae
Flowering Spurge, Euphorbia corollata
 
Shinleaf - Pyrolaceae
Striped Wintergreen, Chimaphila maculata 
 
Teasel - Dipsacaceae
Teasel, Dipsacus fullonum 
 
Touch Me Not - Balsaminaceae
Spotted Jewelweed, Impatiens capensis
 
Vine - Vitaceae
Virginia Creeper, Parthenocissus quinquefolia 
Riverbank Grape, Vitis riparia** 
Frost Grape, Vitis vulpina
Trumpet Vine, Campsis sp.
 
Violet - Violaceae
Marsh Blue Violet, Viola cucullata 
Smooth Yellow Violet, Viola pubescens 
Early Blue Violet, Viola palmata 
Common Blue Violet, Viola sororia
 
Wood Sorrel - Oxalidaceae
Common Yellow Oxalis, Oxalis stricta
Violet Oxalis, Oxalis violacea
 
Water Lily - Nymphaeaceae
Spatterdock, Nuphar lutea